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Study of Psychosocial Factors, Modes of Attempt and Psychiatric Morbidities of Suicidal Attempters PDF Print E-mail
Written by bhavin   
Thursday, 08 June 2017 00:22

Dr. Sivabalan. E (Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, SRM Medical College & Research Centre, Kattankulathur, Kanchipuram District, Tamilnadu, India)

DIP: 18.01.083/20170403

Background: Suicide and suicidal attempt is growing concern around the world. We are now at the stage to formulate effective preventive strategies to decrease number of suicides, which is rising significantly for the past few decades. To make effective preventive programme we must study the people who attempted suicide for number variables because they are having the high risk of committing suicide later years. Aim: To analyze psycho social factors, methods of attempt and diagnosis of patients admitted for attempted suicide. Method: It is a retrospective study and includes 548 patients admitted for attempted suicide during the period of June 2014 to May 2016 have been registered in psychiatry department of SRM Medical College and Hospital analyzed retrospectively regarding age, sex, marital status, modes of attempt and diagnosis, results will be discussed. Results: Among total no of attempted suicide, female outnumber male that is 59% of attempted suicide were female, regarding marital status 54% of attempted suicide persons were unmarried, 57% of attempted suicide were less than 30 years of age, regarding method tablet poisoning was most common mode of suicidal attempt that is 52% followed by Insecticide poisoning that is 38%,and 29% of suicidal attempters diagnosed as primary psychiatric diagnosis, depression (41%) is common diagnosis among all psychiatric diagnosis followed by adjustment disorder (21%). Anxiety disorders (20%). Conclusion: We cannot explain suicide and suicidal attempt as a single perspective and we need to look into all factors on every suicidal attempt. For making effective preventive strategies we must be evaluate every individual in all Bio-psycho-social aspects. High prevalence of major mental disorders among the suicidal attempters is alarming because still there are remarkable percentage of individual not getting adequate psychiatric treatment if we identify them at early stages and initiate appropriate treatment we can prevent large proportion of individual who committed suicide ultimately.

Keywords: suicide attempt, modes of suicide attempt, psychiatric morbidities

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© 2017 Sivabalan E

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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*Responding Author

Received: May 2, 2017; Revision Received: May 23, 2017; Accepted: June 10, 2017

How to cite this article: Sivabalan E (2017), Study of Psychosocial Factors, Modes of Attempt and Psychiatric Morbidities of Suicidal Attempters, International Journal of Indian Psychology, Volume 4, (3), DIP: 18.01.083/20170403

 



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